- Violence Against Women, Domestic Abuse and Sexual Violence (Wales) Act 2015: along with duties around strategies the Act put in place measures to reduce gender based violence in Wales and aims to raise awareness of domestic abuse and set out preventative measures so that professionals can recognise the signs of abuse and violence.
- Welsh Government provided guidance for providers of accommodation for survivors of VAWDASV during COVID-19.
- Domestic Abuse Act 2021: Abusers will not be allowed, in some circumstances, to directly cross-examine victims in family and civil courts, as well as, Special Measures such as, provision of screens and being able to give evidence via video link to prevent intimidation and alleviate some of the stress associated with the process. Clarifies the circumstances in which a court may make a ‘barring order’ under section 91(14) of the Children Act 1989, to prevent abusive ex-partners from repeatedly taking the victime back to court, which may be a continuation of abuse. Introduces a new offence of non-fatal strangulation, punishable by up to five years in prison. The defence of consent to serious harm for sexual gratification is removed. Threat to disclose private sexual photographs and films with the intent to cause distress is added to the Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015. Prevents GPs and other health professionals from charging a victim of domestic abuse for a letter to support an application for legal aid.
- Domestic violence disclosure scheme: guidance (2012) ‘Clare’s Law’: Clare’s Law enables people to ask police to carry out checks for a record of abusive offences on their partner or the partner of a member of their family or a friend who they believe may be at risk. The Domestic Abuse Act 2021 places the domestic violence disclosure scheme ‘Clare’s Law’ on a statutory setting.
- Serious Crime Act 2015: Part 5 of the Act defines and expands the scope of domestic abuse offences as well as updating the law around FGM.
- Family Law Act 1996 (as amended by Part 1 of the Domestic Violence Crime and Victims Act 2004). Introduced two types of order. Occupation Orders which allows a court to temporarily exclude an abuser from the home. Non-molestation orders is a court order which prohibits an abuser from being violent, harassing or threatening behaviour towards another person.
- Protection from Harassment Act 1997 provides civil and criminal remedies to domestic abuse these include non-harassment and restraining orders.
- Housing (Wales) Act 2014 Section 55 outlines when a person is homeless or threatened with homelessness. Section 57 specifically provides that it is not reasonable for a person to occupy accommodation if it is probable that this will lead to the person, or a member of the person’s household , being subject to abuse. For the purposes of section 57, “abuse” means physical violence, threatening or intimidating behaviour and any other form of abuse which, directly or indirectly, may give rise to the risk of harm. “Domestic abuse” occurs where the victim is associated with the abuser (section 58). Section 68 provides that interim accommodation must be provided by local authorities if they believe that an applicant may be homeless, eligible for assistance and have a priority need – this includes refuges.
Non-molestation orders and occupation orders issued under the Family Law Act 1996 can only be applied for by the victim and made by the court.